ALMA Discovers The Most Distant Object of The Solar System

©astro-ph.SR

α Cen AB

We exclude [this object] to be a sub-/stellar member of the α Centauri system, but argue that it is either an extreme TNO, a Super-Earth or a very cool brown dwarf in the outer realm of the solar system.

Fig. 1. Left: Band 7 observation of α Cen AB on 7 July 2014. Apart from the well known binary αCenA and αCenB, a previously un- known source, and designated U, is seen NNE of the secondary B. Right: That object is more clearly evident in our Band 8 observation on 2 May 2015, 5′·′5 north of α Cen A.

The understanding of the formation of stellar and planetary systems requires the understanding of the structure and dynamics of their outmost regions, where large bodies are not expected to form. Serendipitous searches for Sedna-like objects allows the observation of regions that are normally not surveyed. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) is particularly sensitive to point sources and it presents currently the only means to detect Sedna-like objects far beyond their perihelia. ALMA observations 10 months apart revealed a new blackbody point source that is apparently comoving with α Cen B. We exclude that source to be a sub-/stellar member of the α Centauri system, but argue that it is either an extreme TNO, a Super-Earth or a very cool brown dwarf in the outer realm of the solar system.

A new submm source within a few arcseconds of α Centauri: ALMA discovers the most distant object of the solar system

R. Liseau, W. Vlemmings, E. O'Gorman, E. Bertone, M. Chavez, V. De la Luz
(Submitted on 8 Dec 2015)

Comments: 4 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Astronomy & Astrophysics; Comments very welcome!
Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:1512.02652 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:1512.02652v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)
Submission history
From: Wouter Vlemmings
[v1] Tue, 8 Dec 2015 21:00:23 GMT (1652kb,D)
http://arxiv.org/abs/1512.02652

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