September 2021

Thomas Pesquet: Abu Dhabi at night is a very distinctive city.

Thomas Pesquet: Three zoom levels on a salt flat in Botswana, the amazing thing about #EarthArt and our planet is that there is so much to see on all levels.

Australia's deadly bushfires in the 2019-2020 season generated 700 million tonnes of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere - triggering vast algal blooms in the Southern Ocean.

When it comes to directly imaging Earth-like exoplanets orbiting faraway stars, seeing isn't always believing.

The SpaceX Cargo Dragon is due to wrap up its month-long resupply mission to the International Space Station on Thursday morning.

Thomas Pesquet: The would-be artist's touch: I played with some long exposures after the Soyuz crew redocked.

The white speck is NASA's Perseverance rover in the "South Séítah" area of Mars' Jezero Crater.

NASA's Lucy spacecraft is moved to the horizontal position on a rotation stand inside the Astrotech Space Operations Facility in Titusville, Florida, on Sept. 1, 2021.

On Earth, river erosion is usually a slow-going process.

ESA's Euclid mission has reached a new milestone in its development with successful testing of the telescope and instruments showing that it can operate and achieve the required performance in the extreme environment of space.

Clover plants grown in Mars-like soils experience significantly more growth when inoculated with symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria than when left uninoculated.

The spacecraft carrying Russian cosmonauts Oleg Novitskiy, commander of the Soyuz, and Pyotr Dubrov along with NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei, docked at 9:04 a.m. EDT.

Thomas Pesquet: Another aurora but this one is special as it is so bright. It is the full Moon lighting up the shadow side of Earth almost like daylight.

Long shadows creep across Ulaagchinii Khar Nuur in this sunrise photo taken from the International Space Station by an astronaut.

NASA will stand down from commanding its Mars missions for the next few weeks while Earth and the Red Planet are on opposite sides of the Sun. This period, called Mars solar conjunction, happens every two years.

This sparkling starfield, captured by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys, contains the globular cluster ESO 520-21 (also known as Palomar 6).

Workers assist as a crane lowers the high gain antenna for installation on NASA's Lucy spacecraft inside the Astrotech Space Operations Facility in Titusville, Florida, on Aug. 6, 2021.

A Soyuz crew ship with three Expedition 65 crew members aboard will move to a new docking port on Tuesday.

Thomas Pesquet: They say blue light awakens the brain because it triggers us to think that it is sunrise. Nevertheless this picture of our blue marble soothes and brings peace to my mind. Good morning! #MondayMotivation

On July 7, 2021, NASA sent two robotic explorers to the Arctic to collect sea surface temperature data and improve estimates of ocean temperatures in that region.

Thinning of rift-healing slush is identified as a major cause of iceberg calving events

Landsat 9, a NASA satellite built to monitor the Earth's land surface, successfully launched at 2:12 p.m. EDT Monday from Vandenberg Space Force Base in California.

While black holes and toddlers don't seem to have much in common, they are remarkably similar in one aspect: Both are messy eaters, generating ample evidence that a meal has taken place.

An international team of researchers has used seasonal variations to identify likely sub-surface deposits of water ice in the temperate regions of Mars where it would be easiest for future human explorers to survive.

Like the speed of an advancing race car driver, the winds in the outermost "lane" of Jupiter's Great Red Spot are accelerating - a discovery only made possible by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, which has monitored the planet for more than a decade.

Rodent research, microbe sampling and Dragon packing filled the Expedition 65 crew's day at the end of the week aboard the International Space Station.

With the recent discoveries of interstellar objects `Oumuamua and Borisov traversing the solar system, understanding the dynamics of interstellar objects is more pressing than ever.

Hurricane Larry is pictured churning in the Atlantic Ocean as the International Space Station orbited 263 miles above.

This beautiful image shows a glowing horseshoe-shaped cloud of hot gas against a backdrop of thousands of stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a nearby galaxy.

Shane Kimbrough @astro_kimbrough Can you find Grand Prismatic Spring in this pic? The 300-foot wide hot spring has its famous rainbow-colored edges.

On 16 December 2020 the Chang'e-5 mission, China's first sample return mission to the Moon, successfully delivered to Earth nearly two kilograms of rocky fragments and dust from our celestial companion.

SpaceCast Weekly is a NASA Television broadcast from the Johnson Space Center in Houston featuring stories about NASA's work in human spaceflight.

Positioning the agency for future success, a lunar landing site selected for a robotic explorer, and highlighting diversity on the Moon ... a few of the stories to tell you about - This Week at NASA.

Thomas Pesquet: The flames seen up close (with a teleconverter) in California, near Sequoia park. It looks very apocalyptic.

Here, using its WATSON camera, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover took this selfie over a rock nicknamed "Rochette," on Sept.10, 2021, the 198th Martian day, or sol, of the mission.

In this view looking up inside High Bay 3 of the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the work platforms have been retracted from around the Artemis I Space Launch System on Sept. 20, 2021.

Thomas Pesquet: Impressive fires in Canada. We were chatting this week and we realised that we have missed a whole summer on Earth now.

NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.

The Expedition 65 astronauts are moving full speed ahead today studying how living in space affects skin processes.

Calabria, often referred to as the 'boot' of Italy, is featured in this image captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission.

The International Space Station was orbiting 263 miles above Afghanistan when this photograph was taken of the city lights of Pakistan and India and the well-lit border separating both countries.

This week 20 women are tucking themselves in a waterbed for five days as part of a dry immersion study to recreate some of the effects of spaceflight on the body.

For decades, scientists have assumed that losses in Arctic sea ice cover allow for the formation of more clouds near the ocean's surface.

Permanently shadowed lunar craters contain water ice, but are difficult to image. A machine learning algorithm now provides sharper images.

An international team of astronomers has not only detected clouds on the distant exoplanet WASP-127b, but also measured their altitude with unprecedented precision.

Hubble Space Telescope's glamour shots of the universe are so revealing they nearly always have a discovery behind them.

Russia's Nauka multipurpose laboratory module continues being outfitted today before operations begin with Europe's new robotic arm.

Noctilucent clouds in the high atmosphere. A rarely seen phenomenon : noctilucent clouds high in the atmosphere.

The National Science Foundation's Green Bank Observatory (GBO) and National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), and Raytheon Intelligence & Space (RI&S) have released a new high-resolution image of the Moon, the highest-ever taken from the ground using new radar technology on the Green Bank Telescope (GBT).

The lander cleared enough dust from one solar panel to keep its seismometer on through the summer, allowing scientists to study the three biggest quakes they've seen on Mars.

Engineers with Exploration Ground Systems and contractor Jacobs successfully completed the Umbilical Release and Retract Test on Sept. 19 inside the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in preparation for the Artemis I mission.

Early massive galaxies--those that formed in the three billion years following the Big Bang--should have contained large amounts of cold hydrogen gas, the fuel required to make stars.

Planetary systems take millions of years to form, which introduces quite a challenge for astronomers.

Sea ice in the Arctic appears to have hit its annual minimum extent on Sept. 16, after waning in the 2021 Northern Hemisphere spring and summer. The summertime extent is the 12th-lowest in the satellite record, according to scientists at the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center and NASA.

Four Expedition 65 astronauts are swapping shifts today for a biology study exploring how long-term microgravity affects skin and the healing process.

Thomas Pesquet: It has been a while, but the blues of the Bahamas and Key West just never disappoint, seem to change hue on every pass over the area and brighten up our day every time we see them. Bask in the blue tones.

We report results of a four-year survey using Electron Multiplied Charged Coupled Device (EMCCD) cameras recording 34761 two-station video meteor events complete to a limiting magnitude of +6.

Thomas Pesquet: Andes again. This area, between Peru, Chile, Bolivia, is an infinite source of magical shapes and striking colours. Do you prefer a burgundy red lake, or a neon blue amphitheatre?

Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign watched fragments of two meteors as they ramped up the heat from room temperature to the temperature it reaches as it enters Earth's atmosphere and made a significant discovery.

Led by NASA JPL, Team CoSTAR will participate in the SubT final this week to demonstrate multi-robot autonomy in a series of tests in extreme environments.

This composite X-ray (blue)/radio (pink) image of the galaxy cluster Abell 400 shows radio jets immersed in a vast cloud of multimillion degree X-ray emitting gas that pervades the cluster.

Expedition 65 is kicking off the week with a host of space biology and robotics activities aboard the International Space Station today.

Thomas Pesquet: I love the look of Santorini from space, is it about to take a large bite and swallow the Tholos Naftilos volcano whole? The boat on the left looks like it was traveling very fast towards the natural harbour.

For centuries, humans have mined materials to build the tools we use every day, from batteries and cell phones to airplanes and refrigerators.

NASA's Ingenuity Mars Helicopter provided a 3D view of a rock-covered mound during its 13th flight on Sept. 4.

In 2023, NASA's Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) will land near the western edge of the Nobile Crater at the Moon's South Pole to map and explore the region's surface and subsurface for water and other resources.

A new meteorological satellite, called Fengyun-3E (FY-3E), is crossing the early morning sky, observing and collecting data about the weather, climate and more.

When it comes time for NASA's Psyche spacecraft to power itself through deep space, it'll be more brain than brawn that does the work.

The Expedition 65 crew opened up BEAM today and transferred cargo for return to Earth aboard the SpaceX Cargo Dragon resupply ship.

The International Astronomical Union has named a lunar crater--the "Henson Crater"-- after Dr. Matthew Alexander Henson, an extraordinary explorer who journeyed to Earth's North Pole.

Thomas Pesquet: 🎶City of stars, are you shining just for me?🎶 Los Angeles at night lights up like stars in the sky. Follow the boulevard of the stars and other areas shining bright.

Thomas Pesquet: Framing is everything, the Syr Darya river at two zoom levels: the winding rivers remind me of wisps of smoke. At the borders of the river you can see the #CropArt where humans have naturally started growing food using the life-giving water a river brings.

Four pepper plants growing in the Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) aboard the International Space Station have sprouted several flowers in the past week since NASA astronaut Megan MacArthur shared photos of some of the first flowers blooming.

Mushballs - giant, slushy hailstones made from a mixture of ammonia and water - may be responsible for an atmospheric anomaly at Neptune and Uranus that has been puzzling scientists.

The Institute of Planetary Research at DLR (German Aerospace Center) is starting construction of a new Sample Analysis Laboratory (SAL) dedicated to the study of rock and dust samples from planetary bodies such as asteroids and the Moon.