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September 2020



The Soyuz MS-16 crew ship is pictured docked to the International Space Station's Poisk module.


A Northrop Grumman Antares rocket carrying a Cygnus resupply spacecraft is seen as it is transported to the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport's Pad-0A, Saturday, September 26, 2020, at NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.


When the brightness of the star Betelgeuse dropped dramatically a few months ago, some observers suspected an impending supernova - a stellar explosion that could also cause damage on Earth.


A study of comet motions indicates that the Solar System has a second alignment plane.


Earth could have lost anywhere between ten and 60 per cent of its atmosphere in the collision that is thought to have formed the Moon.


It was found using observations made with the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, (Garafía, La Palma, Canary Islands), and with the ATACAMA Large Millimetre/submillimetre Array (ALMA), in Chile.


A new study authored by Southwest Research Institute scientists Rodrigo Leiva and Marc Buie reveals the binary nature of a trans-Neptunian object (TNO).


Eight months after the space telescope CHEOPS started its journey into space, the first scientific publication using data from CHEOPS has been issued.


Scientists have offered new insights into the origin of diamonds in ureilites (a group of stony meteorites).


Researchers have shaken up a once accepted timeline for cataclysmic events in the early solar system. About 4.5 Ga (giga-anum, or billion years ago), as a large disc of dust and ice collapsed around our newly formed star, planets and smaller celestial bodies were formed.


The Chang'e-4 lunar lander touched down on the far side of the Moon on 3 January 2019, with a German instrument for measuring space radiation on board.


"There's a huge difference between the modern elemental makeup of the Earth and Moon and we wanted to know why," said NASA planetary scientist Justin Simon. "Now, we know that the Moon was very different from the start, and it's probably because of the 'Giant Impact' theory."


Computer simulations are showing astrophysicists how massive clumps of gas within galaxies scatter some stars from their orbits, eventually creating the smooth, exponential fade in the brightness of many galaxy disks.


An update to plans for Artemis, the next space station crew trains for its mission, and collaboration in the interest of space ... a few of the stories to tell you about - This Week at NASA.


NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.


The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over the Tarawa Atoll in the Republic of Kiribati - a remote Pacific nation threatened by rising seas.


October is shaping up to be a busy traffic period as the International Space Station gears up for a space delivery, a crew exchange and a commercial crew mission.


Painting of the U.S. flag continues on the 525-foot-tall Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at NASAâs Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Sept. 17, 2020.


Karl Hasenstein, the principal investigator for the Plant Habitat-02, or PH-02, plants radish seeds in seed carriers for the Addvanced Plant Habitat (APH) in the Space Life Sciences Lab at Kennedy Space Center on Sept. 23, 2020.


NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided an infrared image of Post-tropical cyclone Teddy over the province of Newfoundland, Canada in the early morning hours of Sept. 24.


At the south pole of Jupiter lurks a striking sight--even for a gas giant planet covered in colorful bands that sports a red spot larger than the earth.


When a star like the Sun runs out of fuel, it expands and its outer layers puff off, and then the core of the star shrinks.


This oblique view of Houston, Texas, was taken from the International Space Station as it orbited above northern Louisiana.


A new chronology for the moons of Saturn has been developed by Planetary Science Institute Associate Research Scientist Samuel W. Bell.


Jupiter's volcanically active moon Io casts its shadow on the planet in this dramatic image from NASA's Juno spacecraft.


A small near-Earth asteroid (or NEA) will briefly visit Earth's neighborhood on Thursday, Sept. 24, zooming past at a distance of about 13,000 miles (22,000 kilometers) above our planet's surface.


In a delightful alignment of astronomy and mathematics, scientists at MIT and elsewhere have discovered a "pi Earth" -- an Earth-sized planet that zips around its star every 3.14 days, in an orbit reminiscent of the universal mathematics constant.


Data from NASA instruments aboard the ESA (European Space Agency) Rosetta mission have helped reveal that comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko has its own far-ultraviolet aurora.


In an interplanetary faux pas, it appears some pieces of asteroid Vesta ended up on asteroid Bennu, according to observations from NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft.


The asteroid Ryugu may look like a solid piece of rock, but it's more accurate to liken it to an orbiting pile of rubble.


Technicians with NASA's Exploration Ground Systems rehearse booster stacking operations inside the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at the agency's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Sept. 14, 2020, in preparation for Artemis I.


More than 230 years ago astronomer William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus and two of its moons.


Solar storm analysis carried out by an army of citizen scientists has helped researchers devise a new and more accurate way of forecasting when Earth will be hit by harmful space weather.


SpaceCast Weekly is a NASA Television broadcast from the Johnson Space Center in Houston featuring stories about NASA's work in human spaceflight.


Observing a record Atlantic storm season, smoke from western fires seen moving east, and the start of a new solar cycle ... a few of the stories to tell you about - This Week at NASA.


NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.


The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over the Vatnajökull ice cap, in southeast Iceland, in this summery image captured on 6 July 2019.


Thursday's science schedule aboard the International Space Station focused primarily on DNA and physics research including ongoing Earth photography sessions.


This latest image of Jupiter, taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope on 25 August 2020, was captured when the planet was 653 million kilometres from Earth.


The city of Dar Es Salaam, a major commercial port on the Indian Ocean coast of Tanzania, is pictured during an orbital night period as the International Space Station soared above the eastern coast of Africa.


Inside the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building high bay at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, in preparation for installation on the Artemis I spacecraft, technicians have extended one of the Artemis I solar array wings for inspection on Sept. 10, 2020, to confirm that it unfurled properly and all of the mechanisms functioned as expected.


Astronomers present an explanation for the mesmerising shapes of planetary nebulae. The discovery is based on an extraordinary set of observations of stellar winds around ageing stars.


An international team of researchers has found that some of the oldest terrain on Venus, known as tesserae, have layering that seems consistent with volcanic activity. The finding could provide insights into the enigmatic planet's geological history.


The International Space Station's advanced microgravity research systems continue to be serviced today ensuring innovative results and insights to benefit humans on and off the Earth.


This nighttime view from the International Space Station looks across the Mediterranean Sea ringed by the coastal city lights of southeastern Europe, the Middle East and north Africa.


Around 4 billion years ago, the solar system was far less hospitable than we find it now.


An international team of astronomers using NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and retired Spitzer Space Telescope has reported what may be the first intact planet found closely orbiting a white dwarf, the dense leftover of a Sun-like star, only 40% larger than Earth.


With almost two decades of mid-infrared (IR) imaging from the largest observatories around the world including the Subaru Telescope, a team of astronomers was able to capture the spiral motion of newly formed dust streaming from the massive and evolved binary star system Wolf-Rayet (WR) 112.


The Expedition 63 crew tended to a variety of science hardware Tuesday servicing the gear and updating software that operates the advanced research devices.


Every morning, astronomer Steve Padilla takes a short walk from his home to the base of a tower that soars 150 feet above the ground.


Like two galaxies swirling near each other, this nighttime shot from the International Space Station shows the well-lit cities (from left) of Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Maryland and their surrounding suburbs.


Solar Cycle 25 has begun. During a media event on Tuesday, experts from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discussed their analysis and predictions about the new solar cycle - and how the coming upswing in space weather will impact our lives and technology on Earth, as well as astronauts in space.


While the agency's satellites image the wildfires from space, scientists are flying over burn areas, using smoke-penetrating technology to better understand the damage.


As missions like NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, TESS and Kepler continue to provide insights into the properties of exoplanets (planets around other stars), scientists are increasingly able to piece together what these planets look like, what they are made of, and if they could be habitable or even inhabited.


The Expedition 63 crew started the workweek checking out hardware supporting life science, combustion research and ongoing Earth observations.


Inagua National Park, part of The Bahamas island nation, is pictured from the International Space Station as it was orbiting above the Atlantic Ocean.


During her first mission to space and to the International Space Station, Kate Rubins became the first person to sequence DNA in space.


NOAA/NASA's Suomi NPP satellite captured two recent images of the United States and both images show that the winds have changed yet again, blowing the smoke from western fires back to the East and crossing the continental U.S.


Aboard the International Space Station, a flurry of research activity is underway before the Expedition 63 crew winds down to the weekend, along with essential maintenance tasks to ensure the longevity of the orbiting laboratory.


Many colorful stars are packed close together in this image of the globular cluster NGC 1805, taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope.


NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.


This image, captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission, shows the Amazon River meandering through one of the most vital ecosystems in the world - the Amazon rainforest in South America.


As a free-flying, cube-shaped robot dubbed Astrobee zipped through the International Space Station today, the Expedition 63 trio aboard was occupied with upkeep and experiment maintenance tasks.


The night lights of the southeastern U.S. are pictured as the International Space Station orbited over the Gulf of Mexico.


Spending long periods of time in space can wreak havoc on space traveler health, including negative effects on metabolism, bone and muscle health, gastrointestinal health, immunity and mental health.


The "IceCube" neutrino observatory deep in the ice of the South Pole has already brought spectacular new insights into cosmic incidents of extremely high energies.


Observations by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile have found that something may be missing from the theories of how dark matter behaves.


The three Expedition 63 crewmates continued working on tasks aboard the International Space Station that will not only extend the outpost beyond its current 20-year tenure maximizing science in space, but also facilitate human travel deeper into the solar system.


Astronauts face a very difficult challenge in space. In microgravity, their muscles and bones weaken over time.


The Milky Way is not alone in its neighborhood. It has captured smaller galaxies in its orbit, and the two largest are known as the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds, visible as twin dusty smears in the Southern Hemisphere.


As nuclear fusion engines, most stars live placid lives for hundreds of millions to billions of years.


Sunspots are darker regions which often appear on the Sun's surface. They are caused by strong concentrations of magnetic field, and can be as big as the Earth, or even much bigger.


It's 5 o'clock somewhere - and while here on Earth, "happy hour" is commonly associated with winding down and the optional cold beverage, that's when things get going on Bennu, the destination asteroid of NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission.


Expedition 63 Commander Chris Cassidy of NASA and Russian cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner spent a full day after the holiday weekend on investigations that will help demystify the effects of space on the human body


Did you know NASA's next Mars rover has a nearly identical sibling on Earth for testing? Even better, it's about to roll for the first time through a replica Martian landscape.