Archives

July 2017



In the Integration Facility at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the Soyuz MS-05 spacecraft is lowered to a horizontal position to be encapsulated in the upper stage of a Soyuz booster July 21 in preparation for its launch.


In June 2016, an international team of 31 astronomers, led by the University of Maryland's Eleanora Troja and including Arizona State University's Nathaniel Butler, caught a massive star as it died in a titanic explosion deep in space.


Breakthrough Starshot, a multi-faceted program to develop and launch practical interstellar space missions, successfully flew its first spacecraft -- the smallest ever launched.


One of the effects of living in space is the tendency of fluids to shift upward towards an astronaut's head. This results in the common "puffy face" appearance astronauts experience when they escape Earth's gravity. However, the more serious effects observed on orbit could include eye and vision damage.


New maps of dark matter dynamics in the Universe have been produced by a team of international cosmologists.


Comets that take more than 200 years to make one revolution around the Sun are notoriously difficult to study.


Venus is often referred to as Earth's twin because both planets share a similar size and sur-face composition. Also, they both have atmospheres with complex weather systems.


A new International Space Station crew is less than a week away from beginning a 4-1/2 month mission living and working in space. The trio from the United States, Russia and Italy is in Kazakhstan counting down to a Friday launch at 11:41 a.m. EDT inside the Soyuz MS-05 spacecraft.


Saturn Surprises as Cassini Continues Its Grand Finale.


Tucked away in the small northern constellation of Canes Venatici (The Hunting Dogs) is the galaxy NGC 4242, shown here as seen by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope.


Dark matter is the aptly named unseen material that makes up the bulk of matter in our universe. But what dark matter is made of is a matter of debate.


The crew of Expedition 52 wrapped up an intensive week of research on Friday, concentrating on studies in the field of human health and performance.


A new study of satellite data finds that numerous volcanic deposits distributed across the surface of the Moon contain unusually high amounts of trapped water compared with surrounding terrains.


The space surrounding our planet is full of restless charged particles and roiling electric and magnetic fields, which create waves around Earth.


Our Langley Research Center officially celebrated its 100th anniversary on July 17. Groundbreaking took place on that date in 1917, for what is now known as Building 587 - the first aeronautical research laboratory erected in 1918 for NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).


Jupiter is sporting a glowing bruise after getting unexpectedly whacked by a small solar system object, according to astronomers using the Gemini North telescope on Mauna Kea in Hawai'i.


Astronaut Jack Fisher: "We get to see 16 days & nights every 24 hours up here and that makes for a lot of pretty sunrises and sunsets."


NASA's Aqua satellite captured a large area of smoke from the Long Valley Wildfire that was affecting Yosemite National Park.


The death of a massive star in a distant galaxy 10 billion years ago created a rare superluminous supernova that astronomers say is one of the most distant ever discovered.


The unpiloted Russian Progress 66 cargo craft departed the International Space Station today after a five-month stay.


The Copernicus Sentinel-3 satellite takes us over the Baltic Sea and surrounding countries.


The international SpARCS collaboration based at UC Riverside has made the best measurement yet of the amount of fuel available to form stars in clusters of galaxies located in the early universe.


Astronomers from Swinburne University of Technology, Australia, and the University of Minnesota Duluth, USA, have provided a way for armchair astronomers, and even primary school children, to merely look at a spiral galaxy and estimate the mass of its hidden, central black hole.


NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity recorded a panoramic view before entering the upper end of a fluid-carved valley that descends the inner slope of a large crater's rim.


The Expedition 52 crew embarked on tasks Wednesday to further NASA's eventual journey to Mars and aid researchers in understanding how to stimulate cancer-fighting drugs to target cancer cells--and cancer cells alone--in the human body.


A football-shaped object just 16.5 miles by 13.5 miles by 11 miles, Phobos is one of the smallest moons in the solar system.


After 45 days in NASA's Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA), the four-man crew can hardly hold their eyes open.


Today - Capillary Structures: The crew set up hardware for the Capillary Structures investigation, then performed a stability assessment and transferred the hardware to the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM).


One night three months ago, Rosa Castro finished her dinner, opened her laptop, and uncovered a novel object that was neither planet nor star.


The origin and nature of Mars is mysterious.


Aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 52 astronauts furthered investigative data for NASA's Human Research Program, collecting in-flight data and blood and urine samples over the weekend.


There is nothing as refreshing as a breath of fresh air or cool glass of water. On Earth, an open window or turn of the tap provides those essential pleasures, but for NASA's deep space journeys, it will not be that easy.


A new study gives the first observational evidence that the southern Amazon rainforest triggers its own rainy season using water vapor from plant leaves. The finding helps explain why deforestation in this region is linked with reduced rainfall.


Today - Japanese Experiment Module Airlock (JEMAL) Operations: Today the crew brought the JEMAL Slide Table into the JEM from the Airlock and replaced the Japanese Small Satellite Orbital Deployer (J-SSOD) on the Slide Table with the Handhold Experiment Platform (HXP) Adapter.


Growing significant numbers of human stem cells in a short time could lead to new treatments for stroke and other health issues.


On July 10, our Juno spacecraft completed its 7th perijove - or close flyby of Jupiter. It flew directly over the planet's iconic Great Red Spot - about 5,600 miles above it.


Expedition 52 worked throughout Thursday installing new science gear to improve the research capabilities of the International Space Station. A cargo craft is also being loaded with trash and obsolete gear for disposal next week.


In July 2015, NASA's New Horizons spacecraft sent home the first close-up pictures of Pluto and its moons - amazing imagery that inspired many to wonder what a flight over the distant worlds' icy terrain might be like.


Scientists have long held the belief that planets - including Earth - were built from rocky asteroids, but new research challenges that view.


The flight over Charon begins high over the hemisphere New Horizons saw on its closest approach, then descends over the deep, wide canyon of Serenity Chasma.


NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.


Discovered by British astronomer William Herschel over 200 years ago, NGC 2500 lies about 30 million light-years away in the northern constellation of Lynx.


The circular structure dominating this Sentinel-2 image is Pilanesberg, the result of geological activity over more than a billion years. Once a massive volcanic complex towering over 7000 m tall, millions of years of erosion have shaped the landscape to what it is today: concentric rings of hills rising from the surrounding plain, with a diameter of some 25 km.


It only takes a simple compass to demonstrate that the earth has a magnetic field - but it is quite difficult to explain how exactly it is created.


A pair of astronauts explored new space exercise techniques today to stay healthy and fit on long duration missions. The crew also observed protein crystals and high temperatures to understand microgravity's effects on humans and physical processes.


Images of Jupiter's Great Red Spot reveal a tangle of dark, veinous clouds weaving their way through a massive crimson oval.


An active region on the sun has rotated into view on the sun and seems to be growing rather quickly in this video captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory between July 5-11, 2017.


Giant molecular clouds are vast cosmic objects, composed primarily of hydrogen molecules and helium atoms, where new stars and planets are born.


Larsen C, a floating platform of glacial ice on the east side of the Antarctic Peninsula, is the fourth largest ice shelf ringing Earth's southernmost continent.


The orbiting Expedition 52 trio continued exploring magnetized cell structures today and worked on advanced repair tasks. Also, a new crew is in Moscow getting ready for its launch in less than three weeks.


Last year, the existence of an unknown planet in our Solar system was announced.


NASA's Juno mission completed a close flyby of Jupiter and its Great Red Spot on July 10, during its sixth science orbit.


The car-size NASA rover on a Martian mountain, Curiosity, has begun its long-anticipated study of an iron-bearing ridge forming a distinctive layer on the mountain's slope.


Just like early explorers, NASA Twins Study investigators are venturing into new territory.


The three Expedition 52 crew members practiced evacuating the International Space Station today in the unlikely event of an emergency. The trio also set up an advanced life science study and continued the upkeep of the orbital complex.


In the search for planets similar to our own, an important point of comparison is the planet's density.


How exactly planets form is still an open question with a number of outstanding problems.


Astronomers studying the distant Universe have found that small star-forming galaxies were abundant when the Universe was only 800 million years old, a few percent of its present age.


On July 10 Juno will fly directly over Jupiter's Great Red Spot, the gas giant's iconic, 10,000-mile-wide (16,000-kilometer-wide) storm.


Oklahomans are no strangers to Mother Nature's whims. From tornadoes and floods to wildfires and winter storms, the state sees more than its share of natural hazards.


Three new Expedition 52 crew members are in Star City, Russia, this week completing final exams ahead of their July 28 launch to the International Space Station.


Supernovas -- the violent endings of the brief yet brilliant lives of massive stars -- are among the most cataclysmic events in the cosmos.


A group of scientists led by researchers at Cardiff University have discovered a rich inventory of molecules at the centre of an exploded star for the very first time.


Hubble Pushed Beyond Limits to Spot Clumps of New Stars in Distant Galaxy


IC 342 is a challenging cosmic target.


It's not that common to see craters on steep hills, partly because rocks falling downhill can quickly erase such craters.


Vice President Mike Pence spoke to employees on July 6 at our Kennedy Space Center in Florida, highlighting the public/private partnerships transforming the center into a multi-user spaceport, and changing the way we do business in low-Earth orbit.


Pitted terrains inside fresh complex craters on Ceres are similar to terrains seen Mars and Vesta, and are likely formed through the rapid evaporation of subsurface H2O


NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.


Every year, about two Earth masses of material flows to the disk of the young star V346 Normae from its surroundings, to eventually end up on the star causing a brightening.


Scientists pursue research through observation, experimentation and modeling. They strive for all of these pieces to fit together, but sometimes finding the unexpected is even more exciting.


The European Space Agency held a media briefing at ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands on July 6 to discuss the upcoming mission BepiColombo to Mercury.


A close-up image from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter of a recent 150-meter diameter impact crater near Amazonis Mensa and Medusae Fossae is another great example of geologic complexity of Mars. The spider web-like texture of this crater is intriguing. But what does it mean?


Expedition 52 continued exploring today how microgravity impacts humans and technology to improve future spaceflight and benefit life on Earth. The trio also conducted an array of maintenance activities including space plumbing.


The image shows part of Bolivia's Salar de Uyuni - the largest salt flat in the world. Occupying over 10 000 sq km, the vast Salar de Uyuni lies at the southern end of the Altiplano, a high plain of inland drainage in the central Andes.