July 2016

This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the vibrant core of the galaxy NGC 3125.

The International Space Station's Expedition 48 Commander Jeff Williams tweeted this photo recently with the caption "Uniquely beautiful cloud formation south of Sicily."

New work from Carnegie's Peter Driscoll suggests Earth's ancient magnetic field was significantly different than the present day field, originating from several poles rather than the familiar two. It is published in Geophysical Research Letters.

The 21st NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations got underway July 21 in the Florida Keys.

New findings using data from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter show that gullies on modern Mars are likely not being formed by flowing liquid water.

NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.

The Sentinel-2A satellite takes us over to northeastern Iran, the second largest country in the Middle East. A dryland area, most of Iran's territory is classified as arid and semi-arid, about half of which is characterised by rangeland, barren land and mountains.

The Expedition 48 crew continued researching how living in space affects the eyes and the brain today. Two NASA astronauts also are getting ready for a mid-August spacewalk to install a new docking port.

Supermassive black holes in the universe are like a raucous choir singing in the language of X-rays

Understanding how and when objects like Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko took shape is of utmost importance in determining how exactly they can be used to interpret the formation and early evolution of our Solar System.

Members of the successful Apollo space program are experiencing higher rates of cardiovascular problems that are thought to be caused by their exposure to deep space radiation, according to a Florida State University researcher.

A United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket launched a National Reconnaissance Office NROL-61 satellite this morning from Space Launch Complex-41 at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

New science unloaded from the latest SpaceX Dragon to visit the International Space Station is under way. The variety of new and ongoing space research is designed to benefit life on Earth and astronauts on long duration missions.

Astronomers have used data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory to make a discovery that may have profound implications for understanding how the magnetic field in the Sun and stars like it are generated.

New NASA-funded research suggests that Jupiter's Great Red Spot may be the mysterious heat source behind Jupiter's surprisingly high upper atmospheric temperatures.

Alone on the cosmic road, far from any known celestial object, a young, independent star is going through a tremendous growth spurt.

Today: Biological Rhythms 48 Multi Media Card Exchange: The crew stopped the first half of the 24-hour recording that began yesterday and changed out the Multi Media Card and battery of the Digital Walk Holter ECG, then began the second half of the 24-hour recording.

As we approach the 50th anniversary of Star Trek, I thought I'd write about how many experiences in my life have intersected with- and have been affected by its legacy.

Ceres is covered in countless small, young craters, but none are larger than 175 miles (280 kilometers) in diameter.

The six-degree obliquity of the sun suggests that either an asymmetry was present in the solar system's formation environment, or an external torque has misaligned the angular momentum vectors of the sun and the planets.

Expedition 48 is moving ahead with preparations for an upcoming spacewalk. New science also is under way aboard the International Space Station after being delivered last week.

The undocked Russian Progress 62 spacecraft approaches the International Space Station for redocking during a test of the upgraded tele-robotically operated rendezvous system, or the TORU manual docking system.

Saturn's A and F rings appear bizarrely warped where they intersect the planet's limb, whose atmosphere acts here like a very big lens.

Astronomers at the University of Michigan's College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LSA) discovered for the first time that the hot gas in the halo of the Milky Way galaxy is spinning in the same direction and at comparable speed as the galaxy's disk.

In late July 2016, wildfire burned along Soberanes Creek, Garrapata State Park, and north of Big Sur in Monterey County, California.

OSIRIS-REx spacecraft will launch September 2016 and travel to a near-Earth asteroid known as Bennu to harvest a sample of surface maNASA to Map the Surface of an Asteroid

The ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury must withstand extremely harsh conditions while in orbit around the innermost planet of our Solar System.

The Expedition 48 crew is beginning work on new science delivered aboard the SpaceX Dragon space freighter. More cargo is also being unloaded from the new Russian Progress 64 resupply ship.

When Star Trek originally aired in 1966, NASA's space program was still in its infancy. But Star Trek allowed us to imagine what could be, if we dared to boldly go where no one had gone before.

Sheets of floating ice called floes are cracked into pieces like pottery shards and are dotted with ponds of melted snow.

The NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations 21 mission began on July 21, 2016, as an international crew of aquanauts splashed down to the undersea Aquarius Reef Base.

Forty years ago, on July 20, 1976, Viking 1 became the first U.S. spacecraft to successfully land on Mars. To celebrate the anniversary of the historic robotic feat and to highlight NASA's effort to send humans to Mars in the 2030s, Langley Research Center, in Hampton, Virginia hosted a two-day "Viking at 40" event.

When flying over the semi-desert grasslands of Kazakhstan, crew members aboard the International Space Station (ISS) usually follow the long line of the Syr Darya (river) to find the spaceport from which they launch.

Is Star Trek really a science show, or just a lot of "gee, whiz" nonsensical sci-fi?

NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.

In the second it takes to read these words, 65 billion neutrinos will shoot through every square centimeter of your body.

Today: Dragon Operations: The crew was scheduled to ingress and configure Dragon for on-orbit operations today, however, these tasks were completed yesterday.

Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, the TV series "Star Trek" has captured the public's imagination with the signature phrase, "To boldly go where no one has gone before."

The island of Tongatapu and the nearby smaller islands - all part of the Kingdom of Tonga archipelago in the southern Pacific Ocean - are pictured in this Sentinel-2A image from 23 May.

A new NASA-led study finds that almost one-fifth of the global warming that has occurred in the past 150 years has been missed by historical records due to quirks in how global temperatures were recorded.

Summer usually brings foggy and cloudy conditions to Baffin Island, in the remote reaches of Canada's Nunavut Territory. But on July 5, 2016, nearly-cloud free conditions provided an unusually clear view of the region.

Forty years ago, NASA's Viking mission made history when it became the first mission to successfully land a fully operational spacecraft on Mars.

Composite image of Tropical Storm Estelle, off the Mexican coast, from 06:00 UTC on Monday, 18 July 2016

This week NASA hosted the Viking Mars Landers 40th anniversary symposium. In 1976 Viking 1 and 2 were the first landers to successfully land on Mars.

The SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft was bolted into place on the Harmony module of the International Space Station at 10:03 a.m. EDT as the station flew about 252 statute miles over the California and Oregon border.

Around 3.8 billion years ago, an asteroid more than 150 miles across, roughly equal to the length of New Jersey, slammed into the Moon and created the Imbrium Basin -- the right eye of the fabled Man in the Moon.

The SpaceX Dragon is chasing the International Space Station and the Expedition 48 crew is getting ready for its approach and capture Wednesday morning. This follows Monday evening's rendezvous and docking of the Progress 64 resupply ship from Roscosmos.

Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have conducted the first search for atmospheres around temperate, Earth-sized planets beyond our solar system and found indications that increase the chances of habitability on two exoplanets.

On July 20, two days after the SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft launched from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) in Florida ground controllers in Houston sent commands instructing the robot arm to install Dragon on the Earth-facing side of the station's Harmony module.

Traveling about 250 miles over Chile near the city of Santiago, the unpiloted ISS Progress 64 Russian cargo ship docked at 8:20 p.m. EDT to the Pirs Docking Compartment of the International Space Station.

An international team of astronomers has discovered and confirmed a treasure trove of new worlds using NASA's Kepler spacecraft on its K2 mission.

A post-launch news conference was held July 18 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, following the launch of the SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station.

This striking perspective view from ESA's Mars Express shows an unnamed but eye-catching impact crater on Mars.

Venus is famously hot, due to an extreme greenhouse effect which heats its surface to temperatures as high as 450 degrees Celsius.

A science, research and technology briefing was held July 17 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center to highlight the science experiments being delivered by SpaceX's Dragon cargo spacecraft on its next mission to the International Space Station, as well as the research being conducted aboard the orbital laboratory.

Today: Mouse Epigenetics Setup Operations: The crew continued setting up for the Mouse Epigenetics experiment by refilling the Mouse Habitat Cage Unit with water, configuring the Glove Box, and gathering supplies to prepare for the investigation arriving on SpaceX-9.

SpaceX successfully launched the CRS9 Dragon ISS Resupply mission at 12:45 am EDT. They also recovered the Falcon 9's first stage at their landing pad in Florida.

The MeerKAT First Light image of the sky, released today by Minister of Science and Technology, Naledi Pandor, shows unambiguously that MeerKAT is already the best radio telescope of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere.

A press briefing was held on July 16 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center to provide a prelaunch status update on the next SpaceX resupply mission to the International Space Station.

The Expedition 48/49 crew that launched July 7 from Kazakhstan arrived as scheduled at the International Space Station July 9 Eastern time.

At the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the unpiloted ISS Progress 64 cargo ship launched at 5:41 p.m. Eastern time July 16 (3:41 a.m. Baikonur time on July 17), carrying three tons of food, fuel and supplies for the residents of the International Space Station.

A Russian Progress 64 (64P) cargo craft is getting ready for a Saturday launch to the International Space Station. A private U.S. space freighter, the SpaceX Dragon, is also getting prepared for a launch early Monday morning.

After an extensive review process and passing a major development milestone, NASA is ready to proceed with final design and construction of its next Mars rover, currently targeted to launch in the summer of 2020 and arrive on the Red Planet in February 2021.

NASA's Space to Ground is your weekly update on what's happening aboard the International Space Station.

The Sentinel-2A satellite takes us over the very eastern part of the Sundarbans in Bangladesh, in this natural-colour image.

Gamma-ray bursts, or GRBs, are some of the most violent and energetic events in the universe.

Captured by Sentinel-3A on 23 June 2016, this image shows an algae bloom in the Baltic Sea.

Getting the bigger picture on the health of our planet drew another step closer today as Europe's Sentinel-3A satellite was handed over to Eumetsat for operations.

A team of hundreds of physicists and astronomers have announced results from the largest-ever, three-dimensional map of distant galaxies.

The Expedition 48 crew is getting ready for next week's arrival of a pair resupply ships. The station residents are also continuing space research benefitting life on Earth and future crews.

A Scripps Institution of Oceanography at University of California San Diego-led research team analyzing satellite cloud records has found that the cloudy storm tracks on Earth are moving toward the poles and subtropical dry zones are expanding.

A team of small, shoebox-sized satellites, flying in formation around the Earth, could estimate the planet's reflected energy with twice the accuracy of traditional monolith satellite

The European Space Agency's orbiting X-ray observatory, XMM-Newton, has proved the existence of a "gravitational vortex" around a black hole.

The newly-expanded Expedition 48 crew is preparing for next week's arrival of the ninth SpaceX mission. In the meantime, the International Space Station's newest trio is getting used to their new home in space and conducting science and maintenance with their crewmates.

An international team has made use of the power of the HAWK-I infrared instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) to produce the deepest and most comprehensive view of the Orion Nebula to date.